Addams, Jane

(1860-1935)
Addams was an American sociologist of central importance to the work of the Chicago School in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. A powerful influence on many other women in sociology, such as Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Emily Greene Balch , in 1889 she set up a social settlement in Chicago, Hull House, which was partly inspired by London's Toynbee Hall, but was more woman-influenced, more egalitarian, and less religious. She argued that one of the main problems for women was trying to manage the conflicting demands of family and society, and believed social settlements were one way to resolve the problem. Hull House was an important sociological centre for the University of Chicago, and also attracted other leading social theorists, Marxists, anarchists, and socialists of the time. A spokeswoman for women and working-class immigrants in particular, Addams was a cultural feminist who believed female values were inherently superior to those of men, and argued that a more productive and more peaceful society could be built by drawing on, and integrating, such values. Her commitment to pacifism made her a social pariah during the First World War, although in 1931 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. See, Jane Addams; A Centennial Reader (1960), and, ‘Women in Sociology: 1890-1930’, Journal of the History of Sociology (1978).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Addams, Jane — См. Jane Addams. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • ADDAMS Jane — (1860 1935) (retrato): reformadora social norteamericana. En 1889 fundó la Hull House en Chicago, uno de los primeros establecimientos sociales de Estados Unidos, en el que vivían y trabajaban voluntarios de diversas disciplinas, entre ellas de… …   Diccionario médico

  • Addams,Jane — Addams, Jane. 1860 1935. American social reformer and pacifist who founded Hull House (1889), a care and education center for the poor of Chicago, and worked for peace and many social reforms. She shared the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. * * * …   Universalium

  • Addams, Jane — born Sept. 6, 1860, Cedarville, Ill., U.S. died May 21, 1935, Chicago, Ill. U.S. social reformer. Addams graduated from Rockford Female Seminary in Illinois in 1881 and was granted a degree the following year when the institution became Rockford… …   Universalium

  • Addams, Jane — ► (1860 1935) Socióloga y feminista estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de la Paz en 1931, compartido con N. M. Butler. Destacó por sus actividades pacifistas. * * * (6 sep. 1860, Cedarville, Ill. EE.UU.–21 may. 1935, Chicago, Ill.). Reformadora… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Addams, Jane —  (1860–1935) American social activist and reformer; Nobel Peace Prize 1931 …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Addams — Addams, Jane …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jane Addams — Jane Addams …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jane Addams — [Jane Addams] (1860–1935) an American who worked to improve social conditions and shared the 1931 ↑Nobel Prize for peace. She and Ellen Gates Starr began the Hull House in ↑Chicago in 1889 to help poor people. From 1915 to 1929, Addams was… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jane — jane. □ V. agua jane. * * * (as used in expressions) Addams, Jane Austen, Jane Bethune, Mary (Jane) McLeod Mary Jane McLeod Calamity Jane Martha Jane Cannary Campion, Jane Delano, Jane A(rminda) Fonda, Jane (Seymour) …   Enciclopedia Universal

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